Every officer of a court has a duty to refuse a case which is groundless. So why does the practice continue?
In common law, barratry is the offense committed by people who are "overly officious in instigating or encouraging prosecution of groundless litigation" or who bring "repeated or persistent acts of litigation" for the purposes of profit or harassment.
§21-550. Common barratry defined.
Common barratry is the practice of exciting groundless judicial proceedings.
R.L.1910, § 2262.
§21-551. Barratry a misdemeanor.
Common barratry is a misdemeanor.
R.L.1910, § 2263.