Saturday, November 11, 2017

You're Probably A Militia Member & Don't Know It


  The term 'militia' has historically been a term referring to the armed forces within a colony, territory, or state. George Washington was an officer of the Virginia militia several years prior to the American Revolution.
  This tradition lives on, today. Oklahoma has three classes of militia. Every one of these three is officially recognized by the constitution of the state. Men and women between the ages of 17-70 who are or intend to be citizens of Oklahoma, are included in the 'unorganized militia'.

§44-41.  Composition of Militia - Classes.

The Militia of the State of Oklahoma shall consist of all able-bodied citizens of the United States and all other able-bodied persons who shall be or shall have declared their intentions to become citizens of the United States, who shall be more than seventeen (17) years of age and not more than seventy (70) years of age, and said militia shall be divided into three (3) classes:  The National Guard, the Oklahoma State Guard, and the Unorganized Militia.
Laws 1951, p. 115, art. 3, § 1, eff. May 16, 1951; Laws 1957, p. 422, § 1, eff. May 24, 1957; Laws 1968, c. 299, § 1, emerg. eff. May 3, 1968; Laws 1981, c. 136, § 1; Laws 1985, c. 96, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1985.

§44-41.  Composition of Militia - Classes.

The Militia of the State of Oklahoma shall consist of all able-bodied citizens of the United States and all other able-bodied persons who shall be or shall have declared their intentions to become citizens of the United States, who shall be more than seventeen (17) years of age and not more than seventy (70) years of age, and said militia shall be divided into three (3) classes:  The National Guard, the Oklahoma State Guard, and the Unorganized Militia.
Laws 1951, p. 115, art. 3, § 1, eff. May 16, 1951; Laws 1957, p. 422, § 1, eff. May 24, 1957; Laws 1968, c. 299, § 1, emerg. eff. May 3, 1968; Laws 1981, c. 136, § 1; Laws 1985, c. 96, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 1985.

Friday, November 10, 2017

Four Legal Ways To Be A Bigamist


  Bigamy remains illegal in Oklahoma. That's no surprise. But there are 4 situations where the bigamist will not be prosecuted.

  1. Any person whose husband or wife by a former marriage has been absent for five (5) successive years without being known to such person within that time to be living; nor,
  2. Any person whose husband or wife by a former marriage has absented himself or herself from his wife or her husband and has been continually remaining without the United States for a space of five (5) years together; nor,
  3. Any person by reason of any former marriage which has been pronounced void, annulled or dissolved by the judgment of a competent court; nor,
  4. Any person by reason of any former marriage with a husband or wife who has been sentenced to imprisonment for life.

§21-881. Bigamy defined.

Every person who having been married to another who remains living, marries any other person except in the cases specified in the next section is guilty of bigamy.
R.L.1910, § 2439.

§21-882.  Exceptions to the rule of bigamy.

The last preceding section does not extend:
1.  To any person whose husband or wife by a former marriage has been absent for five (5) successive years without being known to such person within that time to be living; nor,
2.  To any person whose husband or wife by a former marriage has absented himself or herself from his wife or her husband and has been continually remaining without the United States for a space of five (5) years together; nor,
3.  To any person by reason of any former marriage which has been pronounced void, annulled or dissolved by the judgment of a competent court; nor,
4.  To any person by reason of any former marriage with a husband or wife who has been sentenced to imprisonment for life.

Thursday, November 9, 2017

Adultery Is A Felony In Oklahoma

Perhaps the least prosecuted felony in Oklahoma's history is Adultery. Yet the state has, since 1910, insisted that the crime needs to stay in the statutory code. they even amended it in 1999.

§21-871.  Adultery defined - Who may institute prosecution.

Adultery is the unlawful voluntary sexual intercourse of a married person with one of the opposite sex; and when the crime is between persons, only one of whom is married, both are guilty of adultery. Prosecution for adultery can be commenced and carried on against either of the parties to the crime only by his or her own husband or wife as the case may be, or by the husband or wife of the other party to the crime: Provided, that any person may make complaint when persons are living together in open and notorious adultery.

R.L.1910, § 2431.

§21-872.  Punishment for adultery.

Any person guilty of the crime of adultery shall be guilty of a felony and punished by imprisonment in the State Penitentiary not exceeding five (5) years or by a fine not exceeding Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00), or by both such fine and imprisonment.
R.L. 1910, § 2432.  Amended by Laws 1997, c. 133, § 259, eff. July 1, 1999; Laws 1999, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 5, § 163, eff. July 1, 1999.
NOTE:  Laws 1998, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 2, § 23 amended the effective date of Laws 1997, c. 133, § 259 from July 1, 1998, to July 1, 1999.

Wednesday, November 8, 2017

Impugning The Chastity Of a Woman Is a Crime

Anyone who openly or privately accuses a woman of not being 'chaste' is committing a misdemeanor, in Oklahoma. In this case, the the prosecutors do not have to prove that a woman is chaste. They just have to prove that the defendant made the claim that she was unchaste.


§21-779.  Imputing unchastity to females - Penalty.

If any person shall orally or otherwise, falsely and maliciously or falsely and wantonly impute to any female, married or unmarried, a want of chastity, he shall be deemed guilty of slander, and upon conviction shall be fined not less than Twenty-five Dollars ($25.00) nor more than Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00), or by imprisonment in the county jail not less than thirty (30) days nor more than ninety (90) days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
R.L.1910, § 2387.


§21-780.  Imputing unchastity - Evidence necessary - Defenses.

In any prosecution under the preceding section it shall not be necessary for the state to show that such imputation was false, but the defendant may, in justification, show the truth of the imputation, and the general reputation for chastity of the female alleged.
R.L.1910, § 2389.

Tuesday, November 7, 2017

Abandonment Of Family IS Criminal

Abandoning and not providing for the care of a wife and/or kids (15 & under) is still a criminal act, in Oklahoma.
 Aside from civil court action and divorce court, the dependents can turn to the police and have the man arrested.


§21-853.  Desertion of wife or child under 15 a felony.

Every person who shall without good cause abandon his wife in destitute or necessitous circumstances and neglect and refuse to maintain or provide for her, or who shall abandon his or her minor child or children under the age of fifteen (15) years and willfully neglect or refuse to maintain or provide for such child or children, shall be deemed guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by imprisonment in the State Penitentiary for any period of time not less than one (1) year or more than ten (10) years.

Added by Laws 1915, c. 149, § 1.  Amended by Laws 1923, c. 78, p. 144, § 2, emerg. eff. March 28, 1923; Laws 1997, c. 133, § 253, eff. July 1, 1999; Laws 1999, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 5, § 157, eff. July 1, 1999.
NOTE:  Laws 1998, 1st Ex.Sess., c. 2, § 23 amended the effective date of Laws 1997, c. 133, § 253 from July 1, 1998, to July 1, 1999.

§21-854. Proof of marriage - Wife as competent witness - Duty of County Attorney to prosecute.
No other evidence shall be required to prove marriage of such husband and wife, or that such person is the lawful father or mother of such child or children than is or shall be required to prove such fact in a civil action, and such wife shall be a competent witness to testify in any case brought under this act, and to any and all matters relevant thereto, including the fact of such marriage and the parentage of such child or children.  It shall be the mandatory duty of each district attorney of this state to diligently prosecute all persons violating any of the provisions of this chapter (Chapter 31, Title 21 O.S.1951), and in all cases where the evidence is deemed sufficient to justify a prosecution for such violation, any district attorney who shall willfully fail, neglect or refuse to institute criminal proceedings to enforce such provisions, shall be subject to removal from office.
Laws 1915, c. 149, § 2; Laws 1949, p. 203, § 1.

Monday, November 6, 2017

Laws Regarding Oklahoma's Insurrection Counties

..
  The early days of our state were filled with talk of wars. Sure there was talk of Indian Tribes 'on the war path' but there was also talk of war against Texas. Another concern was them county governments and the need to bring them into submission to the state.
  Here's how the state legislature created some 'get tough' language to deal with rebel counties. But this law was update just 18 years ago!

§21-539.  Resisting execution of process in time of insurrection.

Any person who, after proclamation issued by the Governor declaring any county to be in a state of insurrection, resists or aids in resisting the execution of process in the county declared to be in a state of insurrection, or who aids or attempts the rescue or escape of another from lawful custody or confinement, or who resists or aids in resisting a force ordered out by the government to quell or suppress an insurrection, shall be guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment in the State Penitentiary for not less than two (2) years.

Sunday, November 5, 2017

Flag Felonies In Oklahoma

  There's something about a red flag that sets off a 'red flag' with lawmakers. They still have a felony statute on the books which brings a maximum 10 year prison sentence.  But even criticizing the laws of Oklahoma can get you locked up.
  Here's a snippit:
    "Any person in this state, who shall carry or cause to be carried, or publicly display any red flag or other emblem or banner, indicating disloyalty to the Government of the United States or a belief in anarchy or other political doctrines or beliefs, whose objects are either the disruption or destruction of organized government, or the defiance of the laws of the United States or of the State of Oklahoma, shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and upon conviction shall be punished by imprisonment in the Penitentiary of the State of Oklahoma for a term not exceeding ten (10) years, or by a fine not exceeding One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00) or by both such imprisonment and fine."

§21-372.  Mutilation, treating with indignity or destroying flag - Definitions.

A.  Any person who shall contemptuously or maliciously tear down, burn, trample upon, mutilate, deface, defile, defy, treat with indignity, wantonly destroy, or cast contempt, either by word or act, upon any flag, standard, colors or ensign of the United States of America, shall be guilty of a felony.
B.  The word "defile" as used in this section shall include public conduct which brings shame or disgrace upon any flag of the United States by its use for unpatriotic or profane purpose.
C.  The terms "flag", "standard", "colors", or "ensign" of the United States as used in this section shall include any picture, representation or part thereof which an average person would believe, upon seeing and without deliberation, to represent the flag, standard, colors or ensign of the United States of America.

§21-373.  Penalty for violation of Section 372.

Any person, corporation or company violating any provision of Section 372 of this title, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding Three Thousand Dollars ($3,000.00), or by imprisonment for not more than three (3) years, or both, in the discretion of the court.